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Publication Detail
Turbostratic graphite nanofibres from electrospun solutions of PAN in dimethylsulphoxide
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Article
  • Authors:
    Kurban Z, Lovell A, Jenkins D, Bennington S, Loader I, Schober A, Skipper N
  • Publisher:
    PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
  • Publication date:
    06/2010
  • Pagination:
    1194, 1202
  • Journal:
    EUR POLYM J
  • Volume:
    46
  • Issue:
    6
  • Print ISSN:
    0014-3057
  • Language:
    EN
  • Keywords:
    Electrospinning, Nanofibre, Polyacrylonitrile, Carbonization, Graphitization, Diffraction, CARBON-FIBERS, POLYMER NANOFIBERS, HYDROGEN STORAGE, PRECURSOR FIBERS, POLYACRYLONITRILE, FABRICATION, PYROLYSIS, OXIDATION, JETS
  • Addresses:
    Kurban, Z
    STFC Rutherford Appleton Lab
    ISIS Facil
    Didcot
    OX11 0QX
    Oxon
    England
Abstract
Homogenous turbostratic graphite nanofibres (TGNFs) have been synthesized by heat treatment of electrospun polyacrylonitrile in dimethylsulphoxide, offering a solution route of low toxicity to manufacture sub-60 nm diameter TGNFs. Characterization techniques including X-ray diffraction, scanning- and transmission electron microscopy have been used to study the graphitization process, and structural morphology of the nanofibres. The TGNFs have an entangled micro-fibril structure with turbostratic ordering of up to 40 graphene layers after heat treatment at 3000 degrees C. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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