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Publication Detail
Arginase AI is upregulated in acute immune complex-induced inflammation
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    JOUR
  • Authors:
    Waddington SN, Mosley K, Cook HT, Tam FWK, Cattell V
  • Publication date:
    1998
  • Pagination:
    84, 87
  • Volume:
    247
  • Notes:
    Previous studies have shown high arginase activity at inflammatory sites. Arginase converts L-arginine to L-ornithine, sharing a common substrate with nitric oxide synthase. It exists as two isoforms, AI and AII. While the function of liver arginase (AI) in ureagenesis has been defined, the role and isoform of arginase in cells without a complete urea cycle is unknown. We therefore determined arginase isoform mRNA expression in glomerular acute immune complex inflammation, and its cultured constituent cells. AI was induced in nephritic glomeruli, and in mesangial cells stimulated with IL-4 and cAMP, and was present in elicited neutrophils and macrophages. AII was constitutively expressed. Our data strongly suggest that AI, thought to be restricted to the liver, accounts for high arginase activity at inflammatory sites where it may limit high output nitric oxide production and generate polyamines and proline essential for cell proliferation and matrix production. This identification of AI in inflamed tissue is an important step for understanding the consequences of increased arginase activity.
Abstract
Previous studies have shown high arginase activity at inflammatory sites. Arginase converts L-arginine to L-ornithine, sharing a common substrate with nitric oxide synthase. It exists as two isoforms, AI and AII. While the function of liver arginase (AI) in ureagenesis has been defined, the role and isoform of arginase in cells without a complete urea cycle is unknown. We therefore determined arginase isoform mRNA expression in glomerular acute immune complex inflammation, and its cultured constituent cells. AI was induced in nephritic glomeruli, and in mesangial cells stimulated with IL-4 and cAMP, and was present in elicited neutrophils and macrophages. AII was constitutively expressed. Our data strongly suggest that AI, thought to be restricted to the liver, accounts for high arginase activity at inflammatory sites where it may limit high output nitric oxide production and generate polyamines and proline essential for cell proliferation and matrix production. This identification of AI in inflamed tissue is an important step for understanding the consequences of increased arginase activity.
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