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Publication Detail
A novel NGF mutation clarifies the molecular mechanism and extends the phenotypic spectrum of the HSAN5 neuropathy.
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Journal Article
  • Authors:
    Carvalho OP, Thornton GK, Hertecant J, Houlden H, Nicholas AK, Cox JJ, Rielly M, Al-Gazali L, Woods CG
  • Publication date:
    02/2011
  • Pagination:
    131, 135
  • Journal:
    J Med Genet
  • Volume:
    48
  • Issue:
    2
  • Status:
    Published
  • Country:
    England
  • PII:
    jmg.2010.081455
  • Language:
    eng
  • Keywords:
    Animals, Base Sequence, Blotting, Western, COS Cells, Cercopithecus aethiops, Chromosome Mapping, Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay, Genotype, Hereditary Sensory and Autonomic Neuropathies, Humans, Molecular Sequence Data, Mutation, Nerve Growth Factor, PC12 Cells, Pedigree, Rats, Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases, Receptor, trkA, Sequence Analysis, DNA
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Nerve growth factor β (NGFβ) and tyrosine kinase receptor type A (TRKA) are a well studied neurotrophin/receptor duo involved in neuronal survival and differentiation. The only previously reported hereditary sensory neuropathy caused by an NGF mutation, c.661C>T (HSAN5), and the pathology caused by biallelic mutations in the TRKA gene (NTRK1) (HSAN4), share only some clinical features. A consanguineous Arab family, where five of the six children were completely unable to perceive pain, were mentally retarded, did not sweat, could not discriminate temperature, and had a chronic immunodeficiency, is reported here. The condition is linked to a new homozygous mutation in the NGF gene, c.[680C>A]+[681_682delGG]. METHODS: Genetic linkage and standard sequencing techniques were used to identify the causative gene. Using wild-type or mutant over-expression constructs transfected into PC12 and COS-7 cells, the cellular and molecular consequences of the mutations were investigated. RESULTS: The mutant gene produced a precursor protein V232fs that was unable to differentiate PC12 cells. V232fs was not secreted from cells as mature NGFβ. CONCLUSIONS: Both the clinical and cellular data suggest that the c.[680C>A]+[681_682delGG] NGF mutation is a functional null. The HSAN5 phenotype is extended to encompass HSAN4-like characteristics. It is concluded that the HSAN4 and HSAN5 phenotypes are parts of a phenotypic spectrum caused by changes in the NGF/TRKA signalling pathway.
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