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Publication Detail
Kinetics of light-sensitive channels in vertebrate photoreceptors.
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Journal Article
  • Authors:
    Gray P, Attwell D
  • Publication date:
  • Pagination:
    379, 388
  • Journal:
    Proc R Soc Lond B Biol Sci
  • Volume:
  • Issue:
  • Status:
  • Country:
  • Print ISSN:
  • Language:
  • Keywords:
    Ambystoma mexicanum, Animals, Ion Channels, Kinetics, Photoreceptor Cells, Rod Cell Outer Segment
We have studied the ion channels mediating the light response of vertebrate rod photoreceptors by analysing fluctuations in the current across the rod membrane, using the whole cell patch-clamp technique on rods isolated from the axolotl retina. Light decreases the membrane current fluctuations. Noise analysis reveals two components to this decrease: a low frequency component due to biochemical noise in the transduction mechanism, and a high frequency component we attribute to the random opening and closing of the ion channels in the dark. The probability of any one channel being open in the dark is low. The spectrum of the high frequency component of the current fluctuations indicates that the current through an open channel is 4 X 10(-15)A, that the mean channel open time is 2 ms, and that about 10000 channels are open in each rod in the dark. The effect of light is to reduce the opening rate constant of these channels, with no effect on the closing rate constant.
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