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Publication Detail
DIRECT EVIDENCE OF PRIMARY GLASS PRODUCTION IN LATE BRONZE AGE AMARNA, EGYPT
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Article
  • Authors:
    Smirniou M, Rehren T
  • Publisher:
    WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC
  • Publication date:
    02/2011
  • Pagination:
    58, 80
  • Journal:
    ARCHAEOMETRY
  • Volume:
    53
  • Print ISSN:
    0003-813X
  • Language:
    EN
  • Keywords:
    GLASS, GLASS-MAKING, EGYPT, LATE BRONZE AGE, AMARNA, ELECTRON MICROPROBE ANALYSIS, VITREOUS MATERIALS, QANTIR-PIRAMESSES, GLASSMAKING, BLUE, CRUCIBLES, FAIENCE
  • Addresses:
    Smirniou, M
    British Museum
    Dept Conservat & Sci Res
    London
    WC1B 3DG
    England
Abstract
This paper presents direct archaeological evidence for the primary production of glass at the LBA site of Tell el-Amarna, in the form of numerous finds of semi-finished glass. The diagnostic microstructural and chemical composition of these finds is presented alongside macroscopically similar finds, of shapeless lumps of finished white glass. The semi-finished glass was found to contain numerous inclusions of residual quartz and newly formed lime-rich crystal phases, but no added colorant. However, several samples of semi-finished glass have antimony oxide levels comparable to those of finished white glass, suggesting that the opacifier was added to the initial glass-making batch. The results are discussed in comparison with the evidence for glass-making from Qantir - Pi-Ramesse, identifying some close technical similarities, which indicate that the same technological processes were used at both sites for the production of glass.
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