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Publication Detail
The "Good, Bad and Ugly" pin site grading system: A reliable and memorable method for documenting and monitoring ring fixator pin sites.
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Journal Article
  • Authors:
    Clint SA, Eastwood DM, Chasseaud M, Calder PR, Marsh DR
  • Publication date:
    02/2010
  • Pagination:
    147, 150
  • Journal:
    Injury
  • Volume:
    41
  • Issue:
    2
  • Country:
    Netherlands
  • PII:
    S0020-1383(09)00335-0
  • Language:
    eng
  • Keywords:
    Bone Nails, Clinical Protocols, Femoral Fractures, Humans, Ilizarov Technique, Observer Variation, Prosthesis-Related Infections, Reproducibility of Results, Tibial Fractures, Treatment Outcome
Abstract
Although there is much in the literature regarding pin site infections, there is no accepted, validated method for documenting their state. We present a system for reliably labelling pin sites on any ring fixator construct and an easy-to-remember grading system to document the state of each pin site. Each site is graded in terms of erythema, pain and discharge to give a 3-point scale, named "Good", "Bad" and "Ugly" for ease of recall. This system was tested for intra- and inter-observer reproducibility. 15 patients undergoing elective limb reconstruction were recruited. A total of 218 pin sites were independently scored by 2 examiners. 82 were then re-examined later by the same examiners. 514 pin sites were felt to be "Good", 80 "Bad" and 6 "Ugly". The reproducibility of the system was found to be excellent. We feel our system gives a quick, reliable and reproducible method to monitor individual pin sites and their response to treatment.
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Inst of Orthopaedics & Musculosk Sci
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