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Publication Detail
Synthesis of graphene-like nanosheets and their hydrogen adsorption capacity
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
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  • Authors:
    Gadipelli S, Skipper NT, ZHU Y, PINER R, ELLERBY M, RUOFF R
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  • Pagination:
    630, 635
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Graphene-like nanosheets have been synthesized by the reduction of a colloidal suspension of exfoliated graphite oxide. The morphology and structure of the graphene powder sample was studied using scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy. The graphene sheets are found to be in a highly agglomerated state, with many wrinkles. The sample has a BET surface area of 640 m(2)/g as measured by nitrogen adsorption at 77 K. Hydrogen adsorption-desorption isotherms were measured in the temperature range 77-298 K and at pressures of up to 10 bar. This gives hydrogen adsorption capacities of about 1.2 wt.% and 0.1 wt.% at 77 K and 298 K, respectively. The isosteric heat of adsorption is in the range of 5.9-4 kJ/mol, indicating a favourable interaction between hydrogen and surface of the graphene sheets. The estimated room temperature H-2 uptake capacity of 0.72 wt.% at 100 bar and the isosteric heat of adsorption of our sample are comparable to those of high surface area activated carbons, however significantly better than the recently reported values for graphene and a range of other carbon and nanoporous materials; single and multi walled carbon nano-tubes, nanofibers, graphites and zeolites.
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