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Publication Detail
Overview of neurophysiology of movement control.
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Journal Article
  • Authors:
    Rothwell JC
  • Publication date:
    06/2012
  • Pagination:
    432, 435
  • Journal:
    Clin Neurol Neurosurg
  • Volume:
    114
  • Issue:
    5
  • Status:
    Published
  • Country:
    Netherlands
  • PII:
    S0303-8467(12)00015-7
  • Language:
    eng
  • Keywords:
    Afferent Pathways, Animals, Efferent Pathways, Humans, Motor Cortex, Movement, Nervous System Physiological Phenomena, Neurophysiology, Pyramidal Tracts, Spinal Cord
Abstract
The motoneuronal outputs from cortex and spinal cord have quite different patterns of organisation. The cortex consists of a highly intermixed mosaic of small output zones whereas the motoneurones in the cord are located in clearly defined columns of cells, that all project to the same muscle. I describe the pattern of innervation between cortex and cord, indicate the importance of cortical plasticity in allowing flexible control of spinal circuits, and show how these inputs interact. Finally I discuss some of the new methods of stimulating descending motor pathways in humans.
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