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Publication Detail
Relationship of enamel hypoplasia to the pattern of tooth crown growth: a discussion.
Abstract
The defects of enamel hypoplasia can be related to the layered structure of enamel which represents the sequence of development in tooth crowns. From such studies, it is possible to see that furrow-type enamel defects (the most common form of hypoplasia seen with the naked eye) are just the most prominent expression of a continuum which extends ever smaller, down to a microscopic disturbance to a single layer in the crown formation sequence. Furthermore, the progressive decrease in spacing between development layers which occurs down the crown sides, from occlusal to cervical, affects both the prominence and apparent width of the defects. This makes it difficult to use measurements as a means of estimating the duration of the disturbance causing a particular defect. The difficulty is even greater for the less common pitted or exposed-plane-type defects, for which the apparent width bears very little relationship with the duration of the growth disturbance. The defects of enamel hypoplasia can therefore be understood clearly only when examined under the microscope in relation to the structures which mark the development sequence of the tooth crown.
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