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Publication Detail
Analysis of spinocerebellar ataxias due to expanded triplet repeats in Greek patients with cerebellar ataxia.
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Journal Article
  • Authors:
    Koutsis G, Pemble S, Sweeney MG, Paudel R, Wood NW, Panas M, Kladi A, Houlden H
  • Publication date:
    15/07/2012
  • Pagination:
    178, 180
  • Journal:
    J Neurol Sci
  • Volume:
    318
  • Issue:
    1-2
  • Status:
    Published
  • Country:
    Netherlands
  • PII:
    S0022-510X(12)00160-8
  • Language:
    eng
  • Keywords:
    Adult, Cohort Studies, Female, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Genotype, Greece, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Phenotype, Spinocerebellar Ataxias, Trinucleotide Repeat Expansion
Abstract
The relative frequency of different autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxias, commonly referred to as spinocerebellar ataxias (SCAs), varies considerably among populations of different ethnic origin. No data exist at present on the frequency of different SCAs in the Greek population. In the present study we investigated the presence of triplet repeat expansion SCAs (SCA1, SCA2, SCA3, SCA6, SCA7, SCA8, SCA12, SCA17 and DRPLA) in a cohort of 83 Greek patients with slowly progressive cerebellar ataxia. Twenty patients came from autosomal dominant (AD) pedigrees, seven displayed recessive or unclear inheritance and 56 were sporadic. We found four patients with pathological SCA expansions, all from AD pedigrees. Two patients had SCA1, one SCA2 and one SCA7 (10.0, 5.0 and 5.0% of the AD group, respectively). The clinical features of these patients were within the expected spectrum. In total, a pathological expansion was detected in 20% of patients from AD pedigrees. Interestingly, no cases of SCA3 or SCA6 were detected in the AD group. No expansions were found in other familial cases or in sporadic patients. Overall, no cases of SCA3, SCA6, SCA12, SCA17 or DRPLA were identified in the Greek population. In conclusion, SCA1, SCA2 and SCA7 are present in Greek patients with AD cerebellar ataxia in frequencies similar to those observed in other populations. SCA3 and SCA6 appear however to be rare in Greece. The genetic cause for the majority of AD ataxias remains to be identified.
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Clinical and Movement Neurosciences
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