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Publication Detail
Functional significance of M-type potassium channels in nociceptive cutaneous sensory endings.
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Journal Article
  • Authors:
    Passmore GM, Reilly JM, Thakur M, Keasberry VN, Marsh SJ, Dickenson AH, Brown DA
  • Publication date:
    2012
  • Pagination:
    63, ?
  • Journal:
    Front Mol Neurosci
  • Volume:
    5
  • Status:
    Published online
  • Country:
    Switzerland
  • Language:
    eng
  • Keywords:
    KCNQ, Kv7, M-channel, XE991, excitability, retigabine
Abstract
M-channels carry slowly activating potassium currents that regulate excitability in a variety of central and peripheral neurons. Functional M-channels and their Kv7 channel correlates are expressed throughout the somatosensory nervous system where they may play an important role in controlling sensory nerve activity. Here we show that Kv7.2 immunoreactivity is expressed in the peripheral terminals of nociceptive primary afferents. Electrophysiological recordings from single afferents in vitro showed that block of M-channels by 3 μM XE991 sensitized Aδ- but not C-fibers to noxious heat stimulation and induced spontaneous, ongoing activity at 32°C in many Aδ-fibers. These observations were extended in vivo: intraplantar injection of XE991 selectively enhanced the response of deep dorsal horn (DH) neurons to peripheral mid-range mechanical and higher range thermal stimuli, consistent with a selective effect on Aδ-fiber peripheral terminals. These results demonstrate an important physiological role of M-channels in controlling nociceptive Aδ-fiber responses and provide a rationale for the nocifensive behaviors that arise following intraplantar injection of the M-channel blocker XE991.
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