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Publication Detail
A randomised controlled trial of ALA vs. Photofrin photodynamic therapy for high-grade dysplasia arising in Barrett's oesophagus.
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Journal Article
  • Authors:
    Dunn JM, Mackenzie GD, Banks MR, Mosse CA, Haidry R, Green S, Thorpe S, Rodriguez-Justo M, Winstanley A, Novelli MR, Bown SG, Lovat LB
  • Publication date:
  • Pagination:
    707, 715
  • Journal:
    Lasers Med Sci
  • Volume:
  • Issue:
  • Status:
  • Country:
  • Language:
  • Keywords:
    Adenocarcinoma, Aged, Aminolevulinic Acid, Barrett Esophagus, Dihematoporphyrin Ether, Disease Progression, Esophageal Neoplasms, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Photochemotherapy, Photosensitizing Agents, Treatment Outcome
Photofrin photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a licenced treatment for Barrett's oesophagus (BE) with high-grade dysplasia (HGD) but causes strictures and photosensitivity and complete reversal of dysplasia (CR-HGD) by 50 % at 5 years. 5-Aminolaevulinic acid (ALA) is an alternative treatment with non-randomised data suggesting 85 % CR-HGD and a low risk of side effects. We aimed to compare efficacy and side effect profile between the drugs. A single-centre randomised controlled trial was conducted. Presence of HGD was confirmed on three occasions by two specialist GI pathologists. Stratification was by length of BE and extent of dysplasia. Standard protocols for ALA and Photofrin-PDT were followed. Endoscopic follow-up with 2-cm four-quadrant biopsy was at 6 weeks, 4 months, and then annually. All adverse event data were collected. Sixty four patients were randomised, 34 ALA and 30 Photofrin-PDT. Median follow-up is 24 months. On intention-to-treat analysis, CR-HGD was 16/34 (47 %) with ALA-PDT and 12/30 (40 %) with Photofrin-PDT. The overall cancer incidence was 14 % (9/64). On sub-group log-rank analysis, for BE ≤ 6 cm, CR-HGD was significantly higher with ALA-PDT than Photofrin-PDT (χ(2) =5.39, p=0.02). Strictures and skin photosensitivity were significantly more common after treatment with Photofrin-PDT than ALA-PDT (33 vs. 9 % and 43 vs. 6 %, respectively, p<0.05). The rate of buried glands with either drug was significantly higher post-PDT (48 % of patients) than pre-PDT (20 %). ALA-PDT has a better risk profile than Photofrin-PDT. In patients with BE length ≤ 6 cm, preliminary results show ALA-PDT is associated with significantly higher CR-HGD. In longer segments of BE, neither PDT drug is sufficiently efficacious to warrant routine use.
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