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Publication Detail
Oxidative Phosphorylation, Not Glycolysis, Powers Presynaptic and Postsynaptic Mechanisms Underlying Brain Information Processing
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Article
  • Authors:
    Hall CN, Klein-Fluegge MC, Howarth C, Attwell D
  • Publication date:
    2012
  • Pagination:
    8940, 8951
  • Journal:
    The Journal of Neuroscience
  • Volume:
    32
  • Issue:
    26
Abstract
Neural activity has been suggested to initially trigger ATP production by glycolysis, rather than oxidative phosphorylation, for three reasons: glycolytic enzymes are associated with ion pumps; neurons may increase their energy supply by activating glycolysis in astrocytes to generate lactate; and activity increases glucose uptake more than O2 uptake. In rat hippocampal slices, neuronal activity rapidly decreased the levels of extracellular O2 and intracellular NADH (reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide), even with lactate dehydrogenase blocked to prevent lactate generation, or with only 20% superfused O2 to mimic physiological O2 levels. Pharmacological analysis revealed an energy budget in which 11% of O2 use was on presynaptic action potentials, 17% was on presynaptic Ca2+ entry and transmitter release, 46% was on postsynaptic glutamate receptors, and 26% was on postsynaptic action potentials, in approximate accord with theoretical brain energy budgets. Thus, the major mechanisms mediating brain information processing are all initially powered by oxidative phosphorylation, and an astrocyte–neuron lactate shuttle is not needed for this to occur.
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