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Publication Detail
Russia, NATO and the “War on Terror”: competition and co-operation in Central Asia after 11 September 2001
  • Publication Type:
    Chapter
  • Authors:
    Duncan PJS
  • Publisher:
    IOS Press
  • Publication date:
    2013
  • Place of publication:
    Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  • Pagination:
    129, 142
  • Chapter number:
    Part IV
  • Series:
    NATO Science for peace and security series
  • Edition:
    1st ed.
  • Editors:
    Tanrisever OF
  • ISBN-13:
    9781614991786
  • Medium:
    Print
  • Status:
    Published
  • Book title:
    Afghanistan and Central Asia: NATO's role in regional security since 9/11
  • Language:
    English
  • Number of volumes:
    1
  • Keywords:
    Russian foreign policy, United States, Afghanistan, NATO, Central Asia, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Putin, terrorism
  • Publisher URL:
  • Addresses:
    PJS Duncan

    UCL

    SSEES

    16 Taviton Street

    London

    WC1H 0BW

    UK
Abstract
The paper investigates how co-operation between Russia and NATO in the war in Afghanistan since 2001 has affected security relationships in former Soviet Central Asia. Russia and NATO’s common interests in the ‘war on terror’ led to Russian President Vladimir Putin approving the establishment of American bases in Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan. There was tension, however, between this move and Putin’s policy of seeking to increase Russia’s influence in Central Asia. Fear of increased American influence may have been one of the motivations behind the creation of the Collective Security Treaty Organization in 2003. As relations between Russia and America deteriorated, and following the Tulip revolution in Kyrgyzstan and the Andijon revolt in Uzbekistan, Russia and China through the Shanghai Co-operation Organization began in 2005 to push the Americans to close their bases. Relations between Russia and NATO reached a low point with the 2008 Georgian-Russian war. The ‘reset’ in relations following the election of US President Barack Obama included a substantial improvement in Russian-US co-operation over Afghanistan, with the development of the Northern Distribution Network as a more reliable alternative to supplying NATO forces via Pakistan. This co-operation was, however, powerless to prevent ethnic mass killings in Kyrgyzstan in 2010.
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