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Publication Detail
Behavior of heavy metals in sulfide mine tailings and bottom sediment (Salair, Kemerovo region, Russia)
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Article
  • Authors:
    Bogush AA, Lazareva AA
  • Publisher:
    Springer-Verlag
  • Publication date:
    28/01/2011
  • Place of publication:
    Germany
  • Pagination:
    1293, 1302
  • Journal:
    Environ Earth Sci
  • Volume:
    64
  • Issue:
    5
  • Country:
    Germany
Abstract
The given work focused on solving the problem of environmental geochemistry related to investigation of element speciation, their mobility, and migration in polluted areas. The purpose was to describe quantitatively migration, distribution, and redistribution of heavy metals by the example of the old tailings (Talmovaya sands) of the Lead Zinc Concentration Plant (Salair, Kemerovo region, Russia) and technogenic bottom sediments of the Malaya Talmovaya river. Contents of elements in the sulfide tailings range in the following limits: Zn: 1,100–27,000 ppm, Cd: 1.3–240 ppm, Pb: 0.01–0.81 ppm, Cu: 220–960 ppm, As: 15–970 ppm, Fe: 19,000–76,000 ppm, and Ba: 80,000–1,00,000 ppm. Element concentrations in the river sediment are proportional to the element contents in the sulfide tailings. Element speciations in the sulfide tailings and technogenic bottom sediments were investigated by the modified sequential extraction procedure. Chemical forms of heavy metals in pore water and surface water were calculated by WATEQ4F software. Principles of heavy metal migration in the sulfide tailings and technogenic bottom deposits were established. The obtained results about element species in the sulfide tailings and sediment explain the main principles of element migration and redeposition. In the mine waste and technogenic bottom deposits, there is vertical substance transformation with formation of geochemical barriers.
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