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Publication Detail
Streaming-viability analysis and packet scheduling for video over in-vehicle wireless networks
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Journal Article
  • Authors:
    Li Q, Andreopoulos Y, van der Schaar M
  • Publication date:
  • Pagination:
    3533, 3549
  • Journal:
    IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
  • Volume:
  • Issue:
    6 I
  • Status:
  • Print ISSN:
State-of-the-art vehicles are now being equipped with multiple video channels for video-data transmission from multiple surveillance cameras mounted on the automobile, navigation videos reporting the traffic conditions on the planned route, as well as entertainment-multimedia streaming for passengers watching on rear-seat monitors. Wireless LANs provide a low-cost and flexible infrastructure for these emerging in-vehicle multimedia services aimed at the driver's and passengers' safety, convenience, and entertainment. To enable the successful simultaneous deployment of such applications over in-vehicle wireless networks, we propose delay-sensitive streaming and packet-scheduling algorithms that enable simple, flexible, and efficient adaptation of the video bitstreams to the instantaneously changing video source and wireless-channel characteristics while complying with the negotiated quality-of-service (QoS) parameters for that video service. Our focus is on real-time low-cost solutions for multimedia transmission over in-vehicle wireless networks that are derived based on existing protocols defined by QoS-enabled networks, such as the IEEE 802.11e standard. In addition, the aim of this paper is to couple the proposed solutions with a novel multitrack-hinting method that is proposed as an extension of conventional MP4 hint tracks in order to provide real-time adaptation of multimedia streams to multiple quality levels for different in-vehicle applications, depending on their importance and delay constraints. First, the scheduling constraints for these simultaneous wireless video-streaming sessions are analytically expressed as a function of the negotiated QoS parameters. This is imperative because a video stream received from an in-vehicle road-surveillance camera will have a different set of delay and quality constraints in comparison to that of traffic monitoring received from remote video cameras located on the planned route. Hence, transmission parameters, such as peak data rate, maximum burst size, minimum transmission delay, maximum error rate, etc., will differ for the various video streams. For this reason, new low-complexity packet-scheduling algorithms that can fulfill diverse QoS streaming conditions are proposed and analyzed. The proposed algorithms produce viable schedules (i.e., strictly QoS-compliant) that jointly consider the delay constraints and the in-vehicle video-receiver-buffer conditions. Hence, these scheduling schemes can completely avoid the underflow or overflow event of the receiving-device buffer while guaranteeing the agreement between the real-time video traffic and the predetermined traffic specification reached during QoS negotiation for various in-vehicle video channels. When combined with multitrack hinting, an integrated flexible system for adaptive multimedia streaming over QoS-enabled in-vehicle wireless networks can be constructed. We demonstrate the viability of the proposed scheduling mechanisms experimentally by using real video traces under multiple quality levels, as derived by the multitrack-hinting design. In addition, simulations under realistic conditions are also performed to validate the ability of the method to satisfy buffer-occupancy constraints.
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