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Publication Detail
Inositol pyrophosphates modulate hydrogen peroxide signalling.
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Journal Article
  • Authors:
    Onnebo SM, Saiardi A
  • Publication date:
    01/10/2009
  • Pagination:
    109, 118
  • Journal:
    Biochem J
  • Volume:
    423
  • Issue:
    1
  • Country:
    England
  • PII:
    BJ20090241
  • Language:
    eng
  • Keywords:
    Actin Cytoskeleton, Animals, Anti-Bacterial Agents, Cell Cycle Proteins, Checkpoint Kinase 2, Drug Resistance, Fungal, Hydrogen Peroxide, Inositol Phosphates, Mice, Models, Biological, Mutant Proteins, Organisms, Genetically Modified, Phleomycins, Phosphotransferases (Phosphate Group Acceptor), Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases, Recombinant Proteins, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins, Signal Transduction
Abstract
Inositol pyrophosphates are involved in a variety of cellular functions, but the specific pathways and/or downstream targets remain poorly characterized. In the present study we use Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutants to examine the potential roles of inositol pyrophosphates in responding to cell damage caused by ROS (reactive oxygen species). Yeast lacking kcs1 [the S. cerevisiae IP6K (inositol hexakisphosphate kinase)] have greatly reduced IP7 (diphosphoinositol pentakisphosphate) and IP8 (bisdiphosphoinositol tetrakisphosphate) levels, and display increased resistance to cell death caused by H2O2, consistent with a sustained activation of DNA repair mechanisms controlled by the Rad53 pathway. Other Rad53-controlled functions, such as actin polymerization, appear unaffected by inositol pyrophosphates. Yeast lacking vip1 [the S. cerevisiae PP-IP5K (also known as IP7K, IP7 kinase)] accumulate large amounts of the inositol pyrophosphate IP7, but have no detectable IP8, indicating that this enzyme represents the physiological IP7 kinase. Similar to kcs1Delta yeast, vip1Delta cells showed an increased resistance to cell death caused by H2O2, indicating that it is probably the double-pyrophosphorylated form of IP8 [(PP)2-IP4] which mediates the H2O2 response. However, these inositol pyrophosphates are not involved in directly sensing DNA damage, as kcs1Delta cells are more responsive to DNA damage caused by phleomycin. We observe in vivo a rapid decrease in cellular inositol pyrophosphate levels following exposure to H2O2, and an inhibitory effect of H2O2 on the enzymatic activity of Kcs1 in vitro. Furthermore, parallel cysteine mutagenesis studies performed on mammalian IP6K1 are suggestive that the ROS signal might be transduced by the direct modification of this evolutionarily conserved class of enzymes.
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