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Publication Detail
The Ras/Raf/ERK signalling pathway drives Schwann cell dedifferentiation.
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Article
  • Authors:
    Harrisingh MC, Perez-Nadales E, Parkinson DB, Malcolm DS, Mudge AW, Lloyd AC
  • Publisher:
    EMBO
  • Publication date:
    04/08/2004
  • Pagination:
    3061, 3071
  • Journal:
    The EMBO Journal
  • Volume:
    23
  • Issue:
    15
  • Print ISSN:
    0261-4189
  • Keywords:
    dedifferentiation, ERK, NF1, Ras, Schwann cells
  • Addresses:
    contact@embojournal.org
Abstract
Schwann cells are a regenerative cell type. Following nerve injury, a differentiated myelinating Schwann cell can dedifferentiate and regain the potential to proliferate. These cells then redifferentiate during the repair process. This behaviour is important for successful axonal repair, but the signalling pathways mediating the switch between the two differentiation states remain unclear. Sustained activation of the Ras/Raf/ERK cascade in primary cells results in a cell cycle arrest and has been implicated in the differentiation of certain cell types, in many cases acting to promote differentiation. We therefore investigated its effects on the differentiation state of Schwann cells. Surprisingly, we found that Ras/Raf/ERK signalling drives the dedifferentiation of Schwann cells even in the presence of normal axonal signalling. Furthermore, nerve wounding in vivo results in sustained ERK signalling in associated Schwann cells. Elevated Ras signalling is thought to be important in the development of Schwann cell-derived tumours in neurofibromatosis type 1 patients. Our results suggest that the effects of Ras signalling on the differentiation state of Schwann cells may be important in the pathogenesis of these tumours.
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