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Publication Detail
Differential Effect of Dopamine on Mitosis in Early Postnatal Albino and Pigmented Rat Retinae
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
  • Authors:
    Kralj-Hans I, Tibber M, Jeffery G, Mobbs P
  • Publication date:
  • Pagination:
    47, 55
  • Journal:
    Journal of Neurobiology
  • Volume:
  • Issue:
  • Print ISSN:
  • Keywords:
    (R)-2, 3, 4, 5-Tetrahydro-8-chloro-3-methyl-5-phenyl-1H-3-benzazepin-7-ol/pha rmacology Animals Animals, Newborn Aromatic-L-Amino-Acid Decarboxylases/metabolism Cell Division/drug effects Cell Proliferation/drug effects Diagnostic Imaging/methods Dopamine/*p
  • Addresses:
    Department of Physiology, University College London, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom
  • Notes:
    JanDifferential effect of dopamine on mitosis in early postnatal albino and pigmented rat retinae16187306Comparative Study Journal Article United Stateseng
Insufficient levels of L-DOPA, released from the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), in albino animals are considered responsible for the abnormal development of the underlying neural retina. L-DOPA normalizes retinal neurogenesis by reducing levels of cell proliferation either by acting on the cells directly or by being converted into dopamine. Here we report the effects of dopamine on mitosis in early postnatal neural retinae from albino and pigmented rats, using 4D (x, y, z and time) confocal microscopy. Exogenous dopamine significantly prolongs mitosis in retinae from albino, but not pigmented, animals. As fewer cells move into and divide in the ventricular zone (VZ) in the presence of dopamine, we conclude that the overall cell cycle is affected. The D1 receptor blocker, SCH 23390, inhibits these effects. Thus, the differential effects of dopamine on neural retinae from pigmented and albino rats in vitro must result from the activation of D1 receptors, which are present in the retina from birth. Immunohistochemical labeling of D1 receptors shows that the pattern of their distribution is similar between pigmentation phenotypes, but levels of expression may be elevated in albinos. Labeling is most intense in the inner plexiform layer but is present throughout the neuroblastic layer. These findings are discussed in light of previous reports of reduced catecholamine levels in the albino retina
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