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Publication Detail
An investigation of the role of Glu-842, Glu-844 and His-846 in the function of the cytoplasmic domain of the epidermal growth factor receptor
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
  • Authors:
    Timms JF, Noble ME, Gregoriou M
  • Publication date:
  • Pagination:
    219, 229
  • Journal:
    Biochemical Journal
  • Volume:
  • Issue:
  • Print ISSN:
  • Keywords:
    Mutation, MUTATIONS, OnCite, Phosphorylation, RATES, Role
  • Notes:
    Department of Biochemistry, University of Oxford, U.K.Alternate Journal: Biochem J
Activation of several protein kinases is mediated, at least in part, by phosphorylation of conserved Thr or Tyr residues located in a variable loop region, near the active site. In certain kinases, this activation loop also controls access of peptide substrates to the active site. In the corresponding region of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor, a potential phosphorylation site, Tyr-845, does not appear to have a major regulatory role. In order to find out whether this variable loop can modulate the peptide phosphorylation and self-phosphorylation activities of the EGF receptor kinase, we investigated the role of residues around Tyr-845, using site-directed mutagenesis. Multiple sequence alignment showed that residues Glu-842, Glu-844 and His-846 are conserved or nearly conserved in eight members of the EGF receptor family. Mutants Glu-842-->Ser, Glu-844-->Gln and His-846-->Ala were expressed in the baculovirus/insect cell system, purified to near-homogeneity and characterized with respect to their peptide phosphorylation and self-phosphorylation activities. All three mutants were active, and these changes did not affect ATP binding directly. However, all mutations increased the Km(app.) for peptide substrates and MnATP in peptide phosphorylation reactions. The Vmax. for the phosphorylation of peptide RREELQDDYEDD was unaltered, but the Vmax. for self-phosphorylation (with variable [MnATP]) decreased 4-, 2- and 7-fold for mutants Glu-842-->Ser, Glu-844-->Gln and His-846-->Ala respectively, compared with the wild-type. These results suggest that binding of this peptide restored an optimal conformation at the active site that might be impaired by the mutations. A study of the dependence of initial rates of self-phosphorylation on cytoplasmic domain concentration showed that the order of reaction increased with the progress of self-phosphorylation. Both pre-phosphorylation and high concentrations of ammonium sulphate restored maximal or near-maximal levels of self-phosphorylation in the mutants, possibly through compensating conformational changes. A plausible homology model, based on the cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit, accommodated the sequence Glu-841-Glu-Lys-Glu as an insertion in the peptide binding loop at the edge of the active site cleft. The model suggests that Glu-844 and His-846 may participate in H-bonding interactions, thus stabilizing the active site region, while Glu-842 does not appear to interact with regions of the catalytic core.
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