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Publication Detail
Purinergic signalling and intercellular Ca2+ wave propagation in the organ of Corti
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Journal Article
  • Authors:
    Piazza V, Ciubotaru CD, Gale JE, Mammano F
  • Publication date:
    01/01/2007
  • Pagination:
    77, 86
  • Journal:
    Cell Calcium
  • Volume:
    41
  • Issue:
    1
  • Status:
    Published
  • Print ISSN:
    0143-4160
Abstract
Extracellular ATP is a key neuromodulator of visual and auditory sensory epithelia. In the rat cochlea, pharmacological dissection indicates that ATP, acting through a highly sensitive purinergic/IP3-mediated signaling pathway with (little or) no involvement of ryanodine receptors, is the principal paracrine mediator implicated in the propagation of calcium waves through supporting and epithelial cells. Measurement of sensitivity to UTP and other purinergic agonists implicate P2Y2 and P2Y4 as the main P2Y receptor isoforms involved in these responses. Ca2+ waves, elicited under highly reproducible conditions by carefully controlling dose (1 μM) and timing of focal agonist application (0.2 s), extended over radial distance greater than 160 μm from the source, identical to those activated by damaging single outer hair cells. Altogether, these results indicate that intercellular calcium waves are a robust phenomenon that confers a significant ability for cell-cell communication in the mammalian cochlea. Further ongoing research will reveal the roles that such Ca2+ waves play in the inner ear. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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