Institutional Research Information Service
UCL Logo
Please report any queries concerning the funding data grouped in the sections named "Externally Awarded" or "Internally Disbursed" (shown on the profile page) to your Research Finance Administrator. Your can find your Research Finance Administrator at https://www.ucl.ac.uk/finance/research/rs-contacts.php by entering your department
Please report any queries concerning the student data shown on the profile page to:

Email: portico-services@ucl.ac.uk

Help Desk: http://www.ucl.ac.uk/ras/portico/helpdesk
Publication Detail
Practice-related reduction of electromyographic mirroring activity depends on basal levels of interhemispheric inhibition.
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Journal Article
  • Authors:
    Bologna M, Caronni A, Berardelli A, Rothwell JC
  • Publication date:
  • Pagination:
    3749, 3757
  • Journal:
    Eur J Neurosci
  • Volume:
  • Issue:
  • Status:
  • Country:
  • Language:
  • Keywords:
    Acceleration, Adult, Cerebral Cortex, Electromyography, Female, Fingers, Functional Laterality, Humans, Male, Motor Activity, Neural Inhibition, Psychomotor Performance, Pyramidal Tracts, Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
Paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is used to measure the excitability of interhemispheric inhibition (IHI) between the hand areas of the two motor cortices. It varies from person to person, and is highly predictive of individual differences in callosal anatomy (fractional anisotropy) and even motor behaviour, e.g. the amount of involuntary electromyographic (EMG) 'mirroring' in one hand during rapid contraction of the other. The present experiments tested whether it also predicts how well individuals can improve motor performance in a task involving the two hands. Healthy participants were given 100 trials to maximize the initial acceleration of a ballistic finger movement made with one hand while trying to maintain a tonic low level of EMG activity in the other hand. Initially, each movement was accompanied by additional unwanted EMG mirroring in the other hand. However, after practice, participants had on average increased acceleration by approximately one-third without changing the amount of EMG mirroring in the contralateral hand; indeed, in some individuals EMG mirroring activity declined. TMS measures showed that there was an increase in corticospinal excitability in the trained hemisphere, but there was no change in the excitability of short- or long-latency IHI from the trained to non-trained hemisphere. Nevertheless, in each individual, the baseline (pre-practice) excitability of short-latency IHI was highly predictive (r = 0.65; P = 0.0019) of the change in EMG mirroring. The implication is that a physiological measure of brain excitability at rest can predict behaviour in response to training.
Publication data is maintained in RPS. Visit https://rps.ucl.ac.uk
 More search options
UCL Researchers
Clinical and Movement Neurosciences
University College London - Gower Street - London - WC1E 6BT Tel:+44 (0)20 7679 2000

© UCL 1999–2011

Search by