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Publication Detail
Who changes body mass between adolescence and adulthood? Factors predicting change in BMI between 16 year and 30 years in the 1970 British Birth Cohort
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
  • Authors:
    Viner RM, Cole TJ
  • Publication date:
  • Pagination:
    1368, 1374
  • Journal:
    International Journal of Obesity
  • Volume:
  • Issue:
  • Print ISSN:
  • Keywords:
    1, 16, 4, A, activity, adolescence, adolescent, adolescents, Adult, ADULTHOOD, ALL, analysis, AND, ARTICLE, Behaviour, BIRTH, BMI, BODY, BRITISH, Child, CHILDHOOD, childhood obesity, CHILDREN, COHORT, Cohort Studies, cohort study, Depression, DESIGN, Eating, England, epidemiology, EXERCISE, FACTOR, Female, FOOD, FOR, FREQUENCY, HEALTH, Histories, history, IN, INCREASE, INDEX, LIFE, London, Longitudinal, MASS, MEASUREMENT, MEASUREMENTS, MODEL, models, NHLBI GROWTH, OBESITY, OF, P, PATTERN, PATTERNS, PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, PREVENTION, PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS, psychology, REGRESSION, Result, RISK, RISK FACTOR, Risk Factors, RISK-FACTORS, sedentary, SELF-REPORTED HEIGHT, sex, Social Class, socioeconomic status, ST, status, SUPPORT, THE, TIME, TO, WEIGHT, weight loss, WHITE GIRLS
  • Addresses:
    Univ Coll London, Royal Free & Univ Coll Med Sch, Dept Paediat, London, EnglandUniv Coll London, UCL Inst Child Hlth, Ctr Biostat & Epidemiol, London, England
  • Notes:
    WoS ID: 000240063200008 Times Cited: 1ArticleEnglishViner, R. MUniv Coll London, Royal Free & Univ Coll Med Sch, Dept Paediat, Middlesex Hosp, Mortimer St, London W1T 3AA, EnglandCited References Count: 43077WUMACMILLAN BUILDING, 4 CRINAN ST, LONDON N1 9XW, ENGLANDLONDON
Objective: To examine whether factors common to obesity prevention programmes in adolescence, namely exercise, sedentary activities, eating behaviours and psychological factors, predict change in BMI in 'free-living' adolescents followed into adulthood. Design: Longitudinal national birth cohort study. Subjects: 1970 British Birth Cohort: 4461 subjects with data on BMI at 16 years (1986) and 30 years (2000). Measurements and analysis: BMI z-score (zBMI) at 16 years (measured) and 30 years (self-reported). Obesity defined as BMI exceeding 95th British centile and 28.5 kg/m(2), respectively. Self-report data on exercise, eating behaviours, dieting and measures of psychological function (depression, psychological distress, self-esteem) at 16 years. Models were produced for the regression of zBMI at 30 years on each variable at 16 years, adjusted for socioeconomic status, sex and zBMI at 16 years. Results: In all, 467 (8.2%) were obese at 16 years and 730 (16.4%) were obese at 30 years. Of those obese at 16 years, 60.7% were also obese at 30 years. Loss of zBMI between 16 and 30 years was predicted by female sex (P 0.01), higher social class (P < 0.0001) and higher frequency of playing sport, although this was of borderline significance (P = 0.05). Increase in zBMI between 16 and 30 years was predicted by 4 or more hours per day of sedentary activities (P = 0.01), eating takeaway meals twice or more per week (P = 0.009), consuming two or more carbonated drinks per day (P = 0.04) and a history of dieting to lose weight (P 0.04). Conclusion: These data from 'free-living' adolescents followed into adult life support the importance of known risk factors such as reduction of sedentary behaviours and reduction of unhealthy eating patterns (consumption of carbonated drinks and takeaway foods, dieting) in the prevention of the persistence of obesity from childhood into adult life
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