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Publication Detail
Structural characterization of titanium-doped Bioglass using isotopic substitution neutron diffraction
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Authors:
    Martin RA, Moss RM, Newport RJ, Lakhkar NJ, Knowles JC, Cuello GJ, Smith ME, Hanna JV
  • Publication date:
    05/12/2012
  • Pagination:
    15807, 15815
  • Journal:
    Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics
  • Volume:
    14
  • Issue:
    45
  • Print ISSN:
    1463-9076
Abstract
Melt quenched silicate glasses containing calcium, phosphorus and alkali metals have the ability to promote bone regeneration and to fuse to living bone. Of these glasses 45S5 Bioglass® is the most widely used being sold in over 35 countries as a bone graft product for medical and dental applications; particulate 45S5 is also incorporated into toothpastes to help remineralize the surface of teeth. Recently it has been suggested that adding titanium dioxide can increase the bioactivity of these materials. This work investigates the structural consequences of incorporating 4 mol% TiO into Bioglass® using isotopic substitution (of the Ti) applied to neutron diffraction and X-ray Absorption Near Edge Structure (XANES). We present the first isotopic substitution data applied to melt quench derived Bioglass or its derivatives. Results show that titanium is on average surrounded by 5.2(1) nearest neighbor oxygen atoms. This implies an upper limit of 40% four-fold coordinated titanium and shows that the network connectivity is reduced from 2.11 to 1.97 for small quantities of titanium. Titanium XANES micro-fluorescence confirms the titanium environment is homogenous on the micron length scale within these glasses. Solid state magic angle spinning (MAS) NMR confirms the network connectivity model proposed. Furthermore, the results show the intermediate range order containing Na-O, Ca-O, O-P-O and O-Si-O correlations are unaffected by the addition of small quantities of TiO into these systems. © 2012 the Owner Societies.
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