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Publication Detail
The role of working memory in visual selective attention
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Article
  • Authors:
    De Fockert J, Rees GE, Frith C, Lavie N
  • Publication date:
    01/03/2001
  • Pagination:
    1803, 1806
  • Journal:
    Science
  • Volume:
    291
  • Issue:
    5509
  • Print ISSN:
    0036-8075
  • Keywords:
    Attention, Memory, Visual, memory, visual
  • Notes:
    Imported via OAI, 7:29:00 9th Aug 2007
Abstract
The hypothesis that working memory is crucial for reducing distraction by maintaining the prioritization of relevant information was tested in neuroimaging and psychological experiments with humans. Participants performed a selective attention task that required them to ignore distractor faces while holding in working memory a sequence of digits that were in the same order (low memory load) or a different order (high memory load) on every trial. Higher memory load, associated with increased prefrontal activity, resulted in greater interference effects on behavioral performance from the distractor faces, plus increased face-related activity in the visual cortex. These findings confirm a major role for working memory in the control of visual selective attention.
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UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
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Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience
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Faculty of Life Sciences
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