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Publication Detail
Conditional deletion of neurogenin-3 using Nkx2.1iCre results in a mouse model for the central control of feeding, activity and obesity.
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Journal Article
  • Authors:
    Anthwal N, Pelling M, Claxton S, Mellitzer G, Collin C, Kessaris N, Richardson WD, Gradwohl G, Ang S-L
  • Publication date:
    09/2013
  • Pagination:
    1133, 1145
  • Journal:
    Dis Model Mech
  • Volume:
    6
  • Issue:
    5
  • Status:
    Published
  • Country:
    England
  • PII:
    dmm.011916
  • Language:
    eng
  • Keywords:
    Animals, Arcuate Nucleus of Hypothalamus, Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors, Cell Count, Disease Models, Animal, Energy Metabolism, Feeding Behavior, Gene Deletion, Hyperphagia, Hypothalamus, Insulin Resistance, Integrases, Leptin, Mice, Mice, Knockout, Mice, Mutant Strains, Motor Activity, Nerve Tissue Proteins, Neurons, Nuclear Proteins, Obesity, Pro-Opiomelanocortin, Thyroid Nuclear Factor 1, Transcription Factors, Viscera
Abstract
The ventral hypothalamus acts to integrate visceral and systemic information to control energy balance. The basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor neurogenin-3 (Ngn3) is required for pancreatic β-cell development and has been implicated in neuronal development in the hypothalamus. Here, we demonstrate that early embryonic hypothalamic inactivation of Ngn3 (also known as Neurog3) in mice results in rapid post-weaning obesity that is associated with hyperphagia and reduced energy expenditure. This obesity is caused by loss of expression of Pomc in Pomc- and Cart-expressing (Pomc/Cart) neurons in the arcuate nucleus, indicating an incomplete specification of anorexigenic first order neurons. Furthermore, following the onset of obesity, both the arcuate and ventromedial hypothalamic nuclei become insensitive to peripheral leptin treatment. This conditional mouse mutant therefore represents a novel model system for obesity that is associated with hyperphagia and underactivity, and sheds new light upon the roles of Ngn3 in the specification of hypothalamic neurons controlling energy balance.
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