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Publication Detail
Concise NMR Approach for Molecular Dynamics Characterizations in Organic Solids.
Abstract
Molecular dynamics characterisations in solids can be carried out selectively using dipolar-dephasing experiments. Here we show that the introduction of a sum of Lorentzian and Gaussian functions greatly improve fittings of the "intensity vs. time" data for protonated carbons in dipolar-dephasing experiments. The Lorentzian term accounts for remote intra- and intermolecular (1)H-(13)C dipole-dipole interactions which vary from one molecule to another or for different carbons within the same molecule. Thus, by separating contributions from weak remote interactions more accurate Gaussian decay constants, Tdd, can be extracted for directly bonded (1)H-(13)C dipole-dipole interactions. Reorientations of the (1)H-(13)C bonds lead to the increase of Tdd and by measuring dipolar-dephasing constants an insight can be gained into dynamics in solids. We have demonstrated advantages of the method using comparative dynamics studies in the α and γ polymorphs of glycine, cyclic amino acids L-proline, DL-proline and trans-4-hydroxy-L-proline, the Ala residue in different dipeptides, as well as adamantane and hexamethylenetetramine. It was possible to distinguish subtle differences in dynamics of different carbon sites within a molecule in polymorphs and in L- and DL-forms. The presence of overall molecular motions is shown to lead to particularly large differences in dipolar-dephasing experiments. The differences in dynamics can be contributed to differences in non-covalent interactions. In the case of hexamethylenetetramine, for example, the presence of C-H…N interactions leads to nearly rigid molecules. Overall, the method allows to gain insight into the role of non-covalent interactions in solids and their influence on the molecular dynamics.
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