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Publication Detail
Shadow matching: Improving Smartphone GNSS positioning in urban environments
  • Publication Type:
  • Authors:
    Wang L, Groves PD, Ziebart MK
  • Publication date:
  • Pagination:
    613, 621
  • Published proceedings:
    Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering
  • Volume:
    245 LNEE
  • ISBN-13:
  • Status:
  • Print ISSN:
Positioning using Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) is unreliable in dense urban areas. The accuracy in the across-street direction can degrade to a few tens of meters in deep urban canyons because the unobstructed satellite signals travel along the street, rather than across it, resulting in poor signal geometry. A new solution to this cross-street positioning problem is to use 3D city models to predict satellite visibility, and then compare with the measured satellite visibility to determine position. This concept is known as shadow matching. In this work, for the first time, the shadow-matching technique is demonstrated using GNSS data from a smartphone. The algorithm has been optimized for speed. The system is then verified with real-world GPS and GLONASS data from Samsung Galaxy S3 smartphones. The experimental data show that shadow matching outperforms the conventional GNSS positioning, improving cross-street positioning success rate for a 2 m accuracy from 18.5 to 86.9 % of the time at the selected test site. The system is also compatible with Beidou and Galileo, with potentially improved performance. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
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