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Publication Detail
Emphasis of spatial cues in the temporal fine structure during the rising segments of amplitude-modulated sounds.
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Journal Article
  • Authors:
    Dietz M, Marquardt T, Salminen NH, McAlpine D
  • Publication date:
    10/09/2013
  • Pagination:
    15151, 15156
  • Journal:
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
  • Volume:
    110
  • Issue:
    37
  • Status:
    Published
  • Country:
    United States
  • PII:
    1309712110
  • Language:
    eng
  • Keywords:
    auditory MEG, auditory system, binaural processing, psychoacoustics, spatial hearing, Acoustic Stimulation, Adult, Auditory Cortex, Female, Hearing, Humans, Magnetoencephalography, Male, Psychoacoustics, Sound Localization, Time Factors, Young Adult
Abstract
The ability to locate the direction of a target sound in a background of competing sources is critical to the survival of many species and important for human communication. Nevertheless, brain mechanisms that provide for such accurate localization abilities remain poorly understood. In particular, it remains unclear how the auditory brain is able to extract reliable spatial information directly from the source when competing sounds and reflections dominate all but the earliest moments of the sound wave reaching each ear. We developed a stimulus mimicking the mutual relationship of sound amplitude and binaural cues, characteristic to reverberant speech. This stimulus, named amplitude modulated binaural beat, allows for a parametric and isolated change of modulation frequency and phase relations. Employing magnetoencephalography and psychoacoustics it is demonstrated that the auditory brain uses binaural information in the stimulus fine structure only during the rising portion of each modulation cycle, rendering spatial information recoverable in an otherwise unlocalizable sound. The data suggest that amplitude modulation provides a means of "glimpsing" low-frequency spatial cues in a manner that benefits listening in noisy or reverberant environments.
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