Institutional Research Information Service
UCL Logo
Please report any queries concerning the funding data grouped in the sections named "Externally Awarded" or "Internally Disbursed" (shown on the profile page) to your Research Finance Administrator. Your can find your Research Finance Administrator at https://www.ucl.ac.uk/finance/research/rs-contacts.php by entering your department
Please report any queries concerning the student data shown on the profile page to:

Email: portico-services@ucl.ac.uk

Help Desk: http://www.ucl.ac.uk/ras/portico/helpdesk
Publication Detail
Positive smoker identity as a barrier to quitting smoking: findings from a national survey of smokers in England.
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Journal Article
  • Authors:
    Tombor I, Shahab L, Brown J, West R
  • Publication date:
  • Pagination:
    740, 745
  • Journal:
    Drug Alcohol Depend
  • Volume:
  • Issue:
  • Status:
  • Country:
  • PII:
  • Language:
  • Keywords:
    Barriers, Positive smoker identity, Quit attempt, Quit success, Smoking Toolkit Study, Smoking cessation, Adolescent, Adult, Age Factors, Attitude, England, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Health Surveys, Humans, Logistic Models, Male, Middle Aged, Motivation, Prevalence, Reinforcement, Psychology, Sex Factors, Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Socioeconomic Factors, Surveys and Questionnaires, Young Adult
BACKGROUND: It has been proposed that positive smoker identity may be an important factor undermining smoking cessation but very little research exists on this. This study tested the hypothesis that a simple measure of positive smoker identity would predict quit attempts over and above other known predictors in a population sample. More tentatively it explored whether this measure would also predict quit success. METHODS: A representative sample of adult smokers in England (n=9456) was included at baseline and 2099 were followed-up at six months. Demographic and smoking characteristics, a single item measure of positive smoker identity (endorsing the statement: 'I like being a smoker'), measures of smoking-related attitudes, quit attempts and quit success were included. RESULTS: A total of 18.3% (95% CI=17.5-19.2) of smokers reported a positive smoker identity. Adjusting for all other predictors, those with a positive smoker identity were more likely to be older (p<0.001), male (p=0.013), more nicotine dependent (p<0.001), have lower motivation to stop (p<0.001), have not made a quit attempt in the past year (p=0.025), enjoy smoking (p<0.001), and consider themselves to be addicted (p<0.001). Having a positive smoker identity independently predicted failure to make a quit attempt at six months (p=0.007). The independent association with quit success was similar in magnitude but did not reach statistical significance (p=0.053). CONCLUSIONS: Only a minority of smokers in England have a positive smoker identity. However, where it is present it may be an important barrier to quitting smoking and merits further study.
Publication data is maintained in RPS. Visit https://rps.ucl.ac.uk
 More search options
UCL Researchers
Behavioural Science and Health
Behavioural Science and Health
University College London - Gower Street - London - WC1E 6BT Tel:+44 (0)20 7679 2000

© UCL 1999–2011

Search by