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Publication Detail
What are people with Parkinson's disease really impaired on when it comes to making decisions? A meta-analysis of the evidence.
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Journal Article
  • Authors:
    Ryterska A, Jahanshahi M, Osman M
  • Publication date:
  • Pagination:
    2836, 2846
  • Journal:
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev
  • Volume:
  • Issue:
    10 Pt 2
  • Status:
  • Country:
    United States
  • PII:
  • Language:
  • Keywords:
    Basal ganglia, Decision-making, Decision-making under uncertainty, Dopaminergic medication, Effort-based decision-making, Feedback, Parkinson's disease, Risky decision-making, Value-based decision-making, Cognition Disorders, Decision Making, Humans, Neuropsychological Tests, Parkinson Disease
Parkinson's disease (PD) is associated with motor and cognitive impairment caused by dopamine dysregulation in the basal ganglia. Amongst a host of cognitive deficits, evidence suggests that decision-making is impaired in patients with PD, but the exact scope of this impairment is still unclear. The aim of this review was to establish which experimental manipulations commonly associated with studies involving decision-making tasks were most likely to generate impairments in performance in PD patients. This allowed us to address the question of the exact scope of the decision-making deficits in PD and to hypothesize about the role of the basal ganglia in decision-making processes. We conducted a meta-analysis of available literature, which revealed that the two key predictors of impairment in PD were the feedback structure of the decision-making task and the medication status of patients while performing the tasks. Rather than a global impairment in decision-making ability, these findings suggest that deficiencies in choice-behaviour in patients with PD stem from dysfunctions at the outcome evaluation stage of the decision-making process.
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