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Publication Detail
Exclusive breastfeeding for 4 versus 6 months and growth in early childhood
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Journal Article
  • Authors:
    Jonsdottir OH, Kleinman RE, Wells JC, Fewtrell MS, Hibberd PL, Gunnlaugsson G, Thorsdottir I
  • Publication date:
    01/01/2014
  • Pagination:
    105, 111
  • Journal:
    Acta Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics
  • Volume:
    103
  • Issue:
    1
  • Status:
    Published
  • Print ISSN:
    0803-5253
Abstract
Aim To investigate the growth and the prevalence of overweight in early childhood among infants exclusively breastfed for 6 months (EBF) compared with those receiving complementary foods from 4 months of age in addition to breast milk (CF). Methods A total of 119 mother-infant pairs were randomised either in the CF or in the EBF group. Weight, length and head circumference of the infants were measured at birth, 6 weeks, and 3-6 months of age. In the follow-up, the children's weight, length and head circumference were measured at 8, 10, 12 and 18 months and weight and height at 29-38 months. Results There were no differences between groups in the anthropometric outcome measures of weight-for-age (p = 0.78), length-for-age (p = 0.59), head-circumference-for-age (p = 0.82) and BMI-for-age (p = 0.61), using repeated measurements ANOVA. Furthermore, no difference was seen in the prevalence between groups in risk of being overweight or in those who were overweight at 18 months and 29-38 months of age. Conclusion Exclusive breastfeeding for the first 4 or 6 months of life does not seem to affect the risk of being overweight or the prevalence of those who were overweight in early childhood. © 2013 Foundation Acta Pædiatrica. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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