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Publication Detail
Wafer-scale fabrication of self-catalyzed 1.7 eV GaAsP core-shell nanowire photocathode on silicon substrates.
We present the wafer-scale fabrication of self-catalyzed p-n homojunction 1.7 eV GaAsP core-shell nanowire photocathodes grown on silicon substrates by molecular beam epitaxy with the incorporation of Pt nanoparticles as hydrogen evolution cocatalysts. Under AM 1.5G illumination, the GaAsP nanowire photocathode yielded a photocurrent density of 4.5 mA/cm(2) at 0 V versus a reversible hydrogen electrode and a solar-to-hydrogen conversion efficiency of 0.5%, which are much higher than the values previously reported for wafer-scale III-V nanowire photocathodes. In addition, GaAsP has been found to be more resistant to photocorrosion than InGaP. These results open up a new approach to develop efficient tandem photoelectrochemical devices via fabricating GaAsP nanowires on a silicon platform.
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