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Publication Detail
Kinetics and mechanism of natural fluorapatite dissolution at 25 °C and pH from 3 to 12
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Journal Article
  • Authors:
    Chaïrat C, Schott J, Oelkers EH, Lartigue JE, Harouiya N
  • Publication date:
    15/12/2007
  • Pagination:
    5901, 5912
  • Journal:
    Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
  • Volume:
    71
  • Issue:
    24
  • Status:
    Published
  • Print ISSN:
    0016-7037
Abstract
The dissolution rates of natural fluorapatite (FAP), Ca10(PO4)6F2, were measured at 25 °C in mixed-flow reactors as a function of pH from 3.0 to 11.7, and aqueous calcium, phosphorus, and fluoride concentration. After an initial preferential Ca and/or F release, stoichiometric Ca, P, and F release was observed. Measured FAP dissolution rates decrease with increasing pH at 3 ≤ pH ≤ 7, FAP dissolution rates are pH independent at 7 ≤ pH ≤ 10, and FAP dissolution rates again decrease with increasing pH at pH ≥ 10. Measured FAP dissolution rates are independent of aqueous Ca, P, and F concentration at pH ≈ 3 and pH ≈ 10. Apatite dissolution appears to be initiated by the relatively rapid removal from the near surface of F and the Ca located in the M1 sites, via proton for Ca exchange reactions. Dissolution rates are controlled by the destruction of this F and Ca depleted surface layer. The destruction of this layer is facilitated by the adsorption/penetration of protons into the surface at acidic conditions, and by surface hydration at neutral and basic conditions. Taking into account these two parallel mechanisms, measured fluorapatite forward dissolution rates can be accurately described usingr+ (mol m- 2 s- 1) = 6.61 × 10- 6 frac(aH+ Kads, 1 + aH+ Kex + frac(aCa2 +4 aF-1.4 aOH-0.6, aH+6 Kex)) + 3.69 × 10- 8 [{triple bond, long} CaOH2+]0.6 ± 0.1where ai refers to the activity of the ith aqueous species, [{triple bond, long} CaOH2+] denotes the concentration of hydrated calcium sites at the surface of the leached layer (mol m-2), and Kex and Kads stand for the apparent stability constants of the Ca2+/H+ exchange and adsorption/penetration reactions, respectively. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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