Institutional Research Information Service
UCL Logo
Please report any queries concerning the funding data grouped in the sections named "Externally Awarded" or "Internally Disbursed" (shown on the profile page) to your Research Finance Administrator. Your can find your Research Finance Administrator at http://www.ucl.ac.uk/finance/research/post_award/post_award_contacts.php by entering your department
Please report any queries concerning the student data shown on the profile page to:

Email: portico-services@ucl.ac.uk

Help Desk: http://www.ucl.ac.uk/ras/portico/helpdesk
Publication Detail
Mechanism, rates, and consequences of basaltic glass dissolution: II. An experimental study of the dissolution rates of basaltic glass as a function of pH and temperature
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Journal Article
  • Authors:
    Gislason SR, Oelkers EH
  • Publication date:
  • Pagination:
    3817, 3832
  • Journal:
    Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
  • Volume:
  • Issue:
  • Status:
  • Print ISSN:
This study is aimed at quantifying surface reaction controlled basaltic glass dissolution rates at far-from-equilibrium conditions. Towards this aim, steady-state basaltic glass dissolution rates were measured as a function of pH from 2 to 11 at temperatures from 6° to 50°C, and at near neutral conditions to 150°C. All rates were measured in open system titanium mixed flow reactors. Measured dissolution rates display a common pH variation; dissolution rates decrease dramatically with increasing pH at acid conditions, minimize at near neutral pH, and increase more slowly with increasing pH at basic conditions. The pH at which basaltic glass dissolution minimizes decreases with increasing temperature. Dissolution rates were interpreted within the context of a multioxide dissolution model. Constant temperature rates are shown to be consistent with their control by partially detached Si tetrehedra at the basaltic glass surface. Regression of far-from-equilibrium dissolution rates obtained in the present study and reported in the literature indicate that all data over the temperature and pH range 6° < T < 300°C and 1 < pH < 11 can be described within uncertainty using r+,geo = AA exp- (EA/RT)(a3H+/ aAl3+)1/3 where r+,geo signifies the geometric surface area normalized steady-state basaltic glass dissolution rate at far-from-equilibrium conditions, AA refers to a constant equal to 10-5.6 (mol of Si)/cm2/s, EA, designates a pH independent activation energy equal to 25.5 kJ/mol, R stands for the gas constant, T signifies temperature in K, and ai represents the activity of the subscripted aqueous species. Copyright © 2003 Elsevier Ltd.
Publication data is maintained in RPS. Visit https://rps.ucl.ac.uk
 More search options
There are no UCL People associated with this publication
University College London - Gower Street - London - WC1E 6BT Tel:+44 (0)20 7679 2000

© UCL 1999–2011

Search by