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Publication Detail
Making diagenesis obey thermodynamics and kinetics: The case of quartz cementation in sandstones from offshore mid-Norway
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Journal Article
  • Authors:
    Oelkers EH, Bjørkum PA, Walderhaug O, Nadeau PH, Murphy WM
  • Publication date:
    01/03/2000
  • Pagination:
    295, 309
  • Journal:
    Applied Geochemistry
  • Volume:
    15
  • Issue:
    3
  • Status:
    Published
  • Print ISSN:
    0883-2927
Abstract
Calculation of the quantity and distribution of quartz cement as a function of time and temperature/depth in quartzose sandstones is performed using a coupled dissolution/diffusional-transport/precipitation model This model is based on the assumptions that the source of the silica cement is quartz surfaces adjoining mica and/or clay grains at stylolite interfaces within the sandstones, and the quantity of silica transport into and out of the sandstone by advecting fluids is negligible. Integration of the coupled mass transfer/transport equations over geologically relevant time frames is performed using the quasi-stationary state approximation Results of calculations performed using quartz dissolution rate constants and aqueous diffusion coefficients generated from laboratory data, are in close agreement with both the overall porosity and the distribution of quartz cement in the Middle Jurassic Garn Formation only after optimizing the product of the effective surface area and quartz precipitation rate constants with the field data When quartz precipitation rate constants are fixed to equal corresponding dissolution rate constants, the effective surface area required to match field data depends on the choice of laboratory generated quartz rate constant algorithm and ranges from 0.008 cm-1 to 0.34 cm-1. In either case, these reactive surface areas are ~2 to 4 orders of magnitude lower than that computed using geometric models.
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