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Publication Detail
Imatinib inhibits VEGF-independent angiogenesis by targeting neuropilin 1-dependent ABL1 activation in endothelial cells.
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Journal Article
  • Authors:
    Raimondi C, Fantin A, Lampropoulou A, Denti L, Chikh A, Ruhrberg C
  • Publication date:
    02/06/2014
  • Pagination:
    1167, 1183
  • Journal:
    J Exp Med
  • Volume:
    211
  • Issue:
    6
  • Status:
    Published
  • Country:
    United States
  • PII:
    jem.20132330
  • Language:
    eng
  • Keywords:
    Animals, Benzamides, Cell Adhesion, Cell Movement, Cells, Cultured, Endothelial Cells, Enzyme Activation, Fibronectins, Humans, Imatinib Mesylate, Immunoblotting, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Mice, Knockout, Mice, Transgenic, Microscopy, Confocal, Neovascularization, Physiologic, Neuropilin-1, Paxillin, Phosphorylation, Piperazines, Protein Kinase Inhibitors, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-abl, Pyrimidines, RNA Interference, Retinal Neovascularization, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2
Abstract
To enable new blood vessel growth, endothelial cells (ECs) express neuropilin 1 (NRP1), and NRP1 associates with the receptor tyrosine kinase VEGFR2 after binding the vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF) to enhance arteriogenesis. We report that NRP1 contributes to angiogenesis through a novel mechanism. In human and mouse ECs, the integrin ligand fibronectin (FN) stimulated actin remodeling and phosphorylation of the focal adhesion component paxillin (PXN) in a VEGF/VEGFR2-independent but NRP1-dependent manner. NRP1 formed a complex with ABL1 that was responsible for FN-dependent PXN activation and actin remodeling. This complex promoted EC motility in vitro and during angiogenesis on FN substrates in vivo. Accordingly, both physiological and pathological angiogenesis in the retina were inhibited by treatment with Imatinib, a small molecule inhibitor of ABL1 which is widely used to prevent the proliferation of tumor cells that express BCR-ABL fusion proteins. The finding that NRP1 regulates angiogenesis in a VEGF- and VEGFR2-independent fashion via ABL1 suggests that ABL1 inhibition provides a novel opportunity for anti-angiogenic therapy to complement VEGF or VEGFR2 blockade in eye disease or solid tumor growth.
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