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Publication Detail
A 6.4 Mb duplication of the α-synuclein locus causing frontotemporal dementia and Parkinsonism: phenotype-genotype correlations.
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Case Reports
  • Authors:
    Kara E, Kiely AP, Proukakis C, Giffin N, Love S, Hehir J, Rantell K, Pandraud A, Hernandez DG, Nacheva E, Pittman AM, Nalls MA, Singleton AB, Revesz T, Bhatia KP, Quinn N, Hardy J, Holton JL, Houlden H
  • Publication date:
  • Pagination:
    1162, 1171
  • Journal:
    JAMA Neurol
  • Volume:
  • Issue:
  • Status:
  • Country:
    United States
  • PII:
  • Language:
  • Keywords:
    Age of Onset, Brain, Female, Frontotemporal Dementia, Gene Dosage, Gene Duplication, Genetic Association Studies, Genetic Loci, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Humans, Microsatellite Repeats, Middle Aged, Odds Ratio, Parkinsonian Disorders, Pedigree, Penetrance, Risk Factors, Severity of Illness Index, Sex Factors, alpha-Synuclein
IMPORTANCE: α-Synuclein (SNCA) locus duplications are associated with variable clinical features and reduced penetrance but the reasons underlying this variability are unknown. OBJECTIVES: To report a novel family carrying a heterozygous 6.4 Mb duplication of the SNCA locus with an atypical clinical presentation strongly reminiscent of frontotemporal dementia and late-onset pallidopyramidal syndromes and study phenotype-genotype correlations in SNCA locus duplications. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We report the clinical and neuropathologic features of a family carrying a 6.4 Mb duplication of the SNCA locus. To identify candidate disease modifiers, we completed a genetic analysis of the family and conducted statistical analysis on previously published cases carrying SNCA locus duplications using regression modeling with robust standard errors to account for clustering at the family level. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: We assessed whether length of the SNCA locus duplication influences disease penetrance and severity and whether extraduplication factors have a disease-modifying role. RESULTS: We identified a large 6.4 Mb duplication of the SNCA locus in this family. Neuropathological analysis showed extensive α-synuclein pathology with minimal phospho-tau pathology. Genetic analysis showed an increased burden of Parkinson disease-related risk factors and the disease-predisposing H1/H1 microtubule-associated protein tau haplotype. Statistical analysis of previously published cases suggested there is a trend toward increasing disease severity and disease penetrance with increasing duplication size. The corresponding odds ratios from the univariable analyses were 1.17 (95% CI, 0.81-1.68) and 1.34 (95% CI, 0.78-2.31), respectively. Sex was significantly associated with both disease risk and severity; men compared with women had increased disease risk and severity and the corresponding odds ratios from the univariable analyses were 8.36 (95% CI, 1.97-35.42) and 5.55 (95% CI, 1.39-22.22), respectively. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: These findings further expand the phenotypic spectrum of SNCA locus duplications. Increased dosage of genes located within the duplicated region probably cannot increase disease risk and disease severity without the contribution of additional risk factors. Identification of disease modifiers accounting for the substantial phenotypic heterogeneity of patients with SNCA locus duplications could provide insight into molecular events involved in α-synuclein aggregation.
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Clinical and Movement Neurosciences
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Clinical and Movement Neurosciences
Department of Neuromuscular Diseases
Clinical and Movement Neurosciences
UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
Neurodegenerative Diseases
University College London - Gower Street - London - WC1E 6BT Tel:+44 (0)20 7679 2000

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