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Publication Detail
Susceptibility artefact correction using dynamic graph cuts: application to neurosurgery.
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Journal Article
  • Authors:
    Daga P, Pendse T, Modat M, White M, Mancini L, Winston GP, McEvoy AW, Thornton J, Yousry T, Drobnjak I, Duncan JS, Ourselin S
  • Publication date:
  • Pagination:
    1132, 1142
  • Journal:
    Med Image Anal
  • Volume:
  • Issue:
  • Status:
  • Country:
  • PII:
  • Language:
  • Keywords:
    Graph cuts, Image-guided neurosurgery, Magnetic resonance imaging, Phase unwrapping, Susceptibility, Algorithms, Artifacts, Echo-Planar Imaging, Humans, Image Enhancement, Image Processing, Computer-Assisted, Neuronavigation, Neurosurgical Procedures, Phantoms, Imaging, Software, Uncertainty
Echo Planar Imaging (EPI) is routinely used in diffusion and functional MR imaging due to its rapid acquisition time. However, the long readout period makes it prone to susceptibility artefacts which results in geometric and intensity distortions of the acquired image. The use of these distorted images for neuronavigation hampers the effectiveness of image-guided surgery systems as critical white matter tracts and functionally eloquent brain areas cannot be accurately localised. In this paper, we present a novel method for correction of distortions arising from susceptibility artefacts in EPI images. The proposed method combines fieldmap and image registration based correction techniques in a unified framework. A phase unwrapping algorithm is presented that can efficiently compute the B0 magnetic field inhomogeneity map as well as the uncertainty associated with the estimated solution through the use of dynamic graph cuts. This information is fed to a subsequent image registration step to further refine the results in areas with high uncertainty. This work has been integrated into the surgical workflow at the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery and its effectiveness in correcting for geometric distortions due to susceptibility artefacts is demonstrated on EPI images acquired with an interventional MRI scanner during neurosurgery.
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Clinical & Experimental Epilepsy
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