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Publication Detail
Monolithically integrated optical phase lock loop for microwave photonics
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Journal Article
  • Authors:
    Balakier K, Fice MJ, Ponnampalam L, Seeds AJ, Renaud CC
  • Publication date:
  • Pagination:
    3893, 3900
  • Journal:
    Journal of Lightwave Technology
  • Volume:
  • Issue:
  • Status:
  • Print ISSN:
We present a review of the critical design aspects of monolithically integrated optical phase lock loops (OPLLs). OPLL design procedures and OPLL parameters are discussed. A technique to evaluate the gain of the closed loop operating system is introduced and experimentally validated for the first time. A dual-OPLL system, when synchronised to an optical frequency comb generator without any prior filtering of the comb lines, allows generation of high spectral purity signals at any desired frequency from several GHz up to THz range. Heterodyne phase locking was achieved at a continuously tuneable offset frequency between 2 and 6 GHz. Thanks to the photonic integration, small dimensions, and custom-made electronics, the propagation delay in the loop was less than 1.8 ns, allowing good phase noise performance with OPLLs based on lasers with linewidths less than a few MHz. The system demonstrates the potential for photonic integration to be applied in various microwave photonics applications where narrow-bandwidth tuneable optical filters with amplification functionality are required. © 2012 IEEE.
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