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Publication Detail
Quality of institutional care and early childhood development
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Authors:
    Oliveira PS, Fearon RMP, Belsky J, Fachada I, Soares I
  • Publisher:
    SAGE Publications
  • Publication date:
    03/2015
  • Pagination:
    161, 170
  • Journal:
    International Journal of Behavioral Development
  • Volume:
    39
  • Issue:
    2
  • Status:
    Published
  • Print ISSN:
    0165-0254
  • Language:
    en
Abstract
Institutional rearing adversely affects children’s development, but the extent to which specific characteristics of the institutional context and the quality of care provided contribute to problematic development remains unclear. In this study, 72 preschoolers institutionalised for at least 6 months were evaluated by their caregiver using the Child Behavior Checklist and the Disturbances of Attachment Interview. Distal and proximate indices of institutional caregiving quality were assessed using both staff reports and direct observation. Results revealed that greater caregiver sensitivity predicted reduced indiscriminate behaviour and secure-base distortions. A closer relationship with the caregiver predicted reduced inhibited attachment behaviour. Emotional and behavioural problems proved unrelated to caregiving quality. Results are discussed in terms of (non)-shared caregiving factors that influence institutionalised children’s development.
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