UCL  IRIS
Institutional Research Information Service
UCL Logo
Please report any queries concerning the funding data grouped in the sections named "Externally Awarded" or "Internally Disbursed" (shown on the profile page) to your Research Finance Administrator. Your can find your Research Finance Administrator at https://www.ucl.ac.uk/finance/research/rs-contacts.php by entering your department
Please report any queries concerning the student data shown on the profile page to:

Email: portico-services@ucl.ac.uk

Help Desk: http://www.ucl.ac.uk/ras/portico/helpdesk
Publication Detail
The melting curve of Ni to 1 Mbar
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    JOUR
  • Authors:
    Lord OT, Wood IG, Dobson DP, Vočadlo L, Wang W, Thomson AR, Wann ETH, Morard G, Mezouar M, Walter MJ
  • Publication date:
    15/12/2014
  • Pagination:
    226, 236
  • Journal:
    Earth and Planetary Science Letters
  • Volume:
    408
  • Issue:
    0
  • Print ISSN:
    0012-821X
  • Keywords:
    nickel, melting, laser-heated diamond anvil cell, high-pressure
  • Notes:
    Abstract The melting curve of Ni has been determined to 125 GPa using laser-heated diamond anvil cell (LH-DAC) experiments in which two melting criteria were used: firstly, the appearance of liquid diffuse scattering (LDS) during in situ X-ray diffraction (XRD) and secondly, plateaux in temperature vs. laser power functions in both in situ and off-line experiments. Our new melting curve, defined by a Simon–Glatzel fit to the data where T M ( K ) = [ ( P M 18.78 ± 10.20 + 1 ) ] 1 / 2.42 ± 0.66 × 1726 , is in good agreement with the majority of the theoretical studies on Ni melting and matches closely the available shock wave melting data. It is however dramatically steeper than the previous off-line LH-DAC studies in which determination of melting was based on the visual observation of motion aided by the laser speckle method. We estimate the melting point ( T M ) of Ni at the inner-core boundary (ICB) pressure of 330 GPa to be T M = 5800 ± 700 K ( 2 σ ) , within error of the value for Fe of T M = 6230 ± 500 K determined in a recent in situ LH-DAC study by similar methods to those employed here. This similarity suggests that the alloying of 5–10 wt.% Ni with the Fe-rich core alloy is unlikely to have any significant effect on the temperature of the ICB, though this is dependent on the details of the topology of the Fe–Ni binary phase diagram at core pressures. Our melting temperature for Ni at 330 GPa is ∼2500 K higher than that found in previous experimental studies employing the laser speckle method. We find that those earlier melting curves coincide with the onset of rapid sub-solidus recrystallization, suggesting that visual observations of motion may have misinterpreted dynamic recrystallization as convective motion of a melt. This finding has significant implications for our understanding of the high-pressure melting behaviour of a number of other transition metals.
Abstract
Abstract The melting curve of Ni has been determined to 125 GPa using laser-heated diamond anvil cell (LH-DAC) experiments in which two melting criteria were used: firstly, the appearance of liquid diffuse scattering (LDS) during in situ X-ray diffraction (XRD) and secondly, plateaux in temperature vs. laser power functions in both in situ and off-line experiments. Our new melting curve, defined by a Simon–Glatzel fit to the data where T M ( K ) = [ ( P M 18.78 ± 10.20 + 1 ) ] 1 / 2.42 ± 0.66 × 1726 , is in good agreement with the majority of the theoretical studies on Ni melting and matches closely the available shock wave melting data. It is however dramatically steeper than the previous off-line LH-DAC studies in which determination of melting was based on the visual observation of motion aided by the laser speckle method. We estimate the melting point ( T M ) of Ni at the inner-core boundary (ICB) pressure of 330 GPa to be T M = 5800 ± 700 K ( 2 σ ) , within error of the value for Fe of T M = 6230 ± 500 K determined in a recent in situ LH-DAC study by similar methods to those employed here. This similarity suggests that the alloying of 5–10 wt.% Ni with the Fe-rich core alloy is unlikely to have any significant effect on the temperature of the ICB, though this is dependent on the details of the topology of the Fe–Ni binary phase diagram at core pressures. Our melting temperature for Ni at 330 GPa is ∼2500 K higher than that found in previous experimental studies employing the laser speckle method. We find that those earlier melting curves coincide with the onset of rapid sub-solidus recrystallization, suggesting that visual observations of motion may have misinterpreted dynamic recrystallization as convective motion of a melt. This finding has significant implications for our understanding of the high-pressure melting behaviour of a number of other transition metals.
Publication data is maintained in RPS. Visit https://rps.ucl.ac.uk
 More search options
UCL Researchers Show More
Author
Dept of Earth Sciences
Author
Dept of Earth Sciences
Author
Dept of Earth Sciences
Author
Dept of Earth Sciences
University College London - Gower Street - London - WC1E 6BT Tel:+44 (0)20 7679 2000

© UCL 1999–2011

Search by