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Publication Detail
Correcting scaling errors in tomographic images using a nine degree of freedom registration algorithm.
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Comparative Study
  • Authors:
    Hill DL, Maurer CR, Studholme C, Fitzpatrick JM, Hawkes DJ
  • Publication date:
  • Pagination:
    317, 323
  • Journal:
    J Comput Assist Tomogr
  • Volume:
  • Issue:
  • Status:
  • Country:
    United States
  • Print ISSN:
  • Language:
  • Keywords:
    Algorithms, Brain, Calibration, Contrast Media, Diagnostic Errors, Gadolinium DTPA, Humans, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Phantoms, Imaging, Tomography Scanners, X-Ray Computed, Tomography, X-Ray Computed
PURPOSE: Clinical imaging systems, especially MR scanners, frequently have errors of a few percent in their voxel dimensions. We evaluate a nine degree of freedom registration algorithm that maximizes mutual information for determining scaling errors. We evaluate it by registering MR and CT images for each of five patients (patient scaling) and by registering MR images of a phantom to a computer model of the phantom (phantom scaling). METHOD: Each scaling method was validated using bone-implanted markers localized in the patient images and also intraoperatively. The root mean square residual in the alignment of the fiducial markers [fiducial registration error (FRE)] was determined without scale correction, with patient scaling, and with phantom scaling. RESULTS: Each scaling method significantly reduced the average FRE (p < 0.05) for MR to CT registration and for MR to physical space registration, indicating that voxel scaling errors were reduced. The greater reduction in scaling errors was achieved using the phantom scaling method. CONCLUSION: We have demonstrated that a nine degree of freedom registration algorithm that maximizes mutual information can significantly reduce scaling errors in MR.
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