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Publication Detail
The development of wind power in China, Europe and the USA: how have policies and innovation system activities co-evolved?
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Article
  • Authors:
    Ekins P, McDowall W, Radosevic S, Zhang L
  • Publication date:
    2013
  • Pagination:
    163, 185
  • Journal:
    Technology Analysis and Strategic Management
  • Volume:
    25
  • Issue:
    2
Abstract
This paper takes an innovation system approach to analysing the development of wind energy in three jurisdictions: the EU, USA and China. The paper builds on and extends previous innovation system studies on wind in two ways. First, it focuses on the interactions over time between policy and innovation system dynamics, in order to highlight lessons for low-carbon policymaking. Second, it extends the analysis from the formative and growth phases of the innovation system to the globalisation and transfer phase, in which mature technologies are transferred to new markets. The conclusions are: first, policies should go beyond ‘market pull’ and ‘technology push’and should take into account the institutional frameworks through which they are delivered; second, policies have been more successful where they prioritised long-term learning-oriented deployment rather than short-term efficiency; third, system failures exist at the transfer stage of development as well as during formative and growth phases.
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UCL Energy Institute
Sch of Slavonic & East European Studies
Development Planning Unit
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